Infection Control Research

Infection Control & Epidemiology Research


Use of an Innovative Personality-Mindset Profiling Tool to Guide Culture-Change Strategies among Different Healthcare Worker Groups.
Grayson ML, Macesic N, Huang GK, Bond K, Fletcher J, Gilbert GL, Gordon DL, Hellsten JF, Iredell J, Keighley C, Stuart RL, Xuereb CS, Cruickshank M.
PLoS One. 2015 Oct 21;10(10):e0140509. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140509. eCollection 2015.
PMID: 26489012

Are identity badges and lanyards in pediatrics potentially contaminated with viral pathogens?
Ting CY, Cheng DR, Kotsanas D, Kirkwood CD, Bogdanovic-Sakran N, Stuart RL, Buttery JP.
Am J Infect Control. 2015 Aug 20. pii: S0196-6553(15)00741-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2015.06.024. [Epub ahead of print]

Outbreak of vanB vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium colonization in a neonatal service.
Lister DM, Kotsanas D, Ballard SA, Howden BP, Carse E, Tan K, Scott C, Gillespie EE, Mahoney AA, Doherty R, Korman TM, Johnson PD, Stuart RL.
Am J Infect Control. 2015 Jul 16. pii: S0196-6553(15)00660-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2015.05.047. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 26190380

Survey of infection control and antimicrobial stewardship practices in Australian residential aged-care facilities.
Stuart RL, Marshall C, Orr E, Bennett N, Athan E, Friedman D, Reilly M; Members of RACRIG (Residential Aged Care Research Interest Group).
Intern Med J. 2015 May;45(5):576-80. doi: 10.1111/imj.12740.
PMID: 25955463

Gillespie E, Williams N, Sloane T, Wright L, Kotsanas D, Stuart RL.
Am J Infect Control. 2015 Feb 1;43(2):177-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2014.11.006.
PMID: 25637118 [PubMed – in process]

Healthcare Infection 2014;19(2):42-44

The silver lining of disposable sporicidal privacy curtains in an Intensive Care Unit.
Kotsanas D, Wijesooriya WR, Sloane T, Stuart RL, Gillespie EE.
Am J Infect Control. 2014 Apr;42(4):366-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2013.11.013.
PMID: 24679561 [PubMed – in process]

Improving patient safety by doing less rather than more: many peripheral intravenous catheters are unnecessary.
Egerton-Warburton D, Craig S, Stuart R, Dendle C.
GMS Hyg Infect Control. 2014 Mar 7;9(1):Doc03. doi: 10.3205/dgkh000223. eCollection 2014. No abstract available.
PMID: 24653967 [PubMed]

A pilot study of an influenza vaccination or mask mandate in an Australian tertiary health service.
Stuart RL, Gillespie EE, Kerr PG.
Med J Aust. 2014 Feb 3;200(2):83-4. No abstract available.
PMID: 24484101 [PubMed – in process]

Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in the residential care setting: current perspectives.
Lim CJ, Kong DC, Stuart RL.
Clin Interv Aging. 2014 Jan 13;9:165-177. eCollection 2014. Review.
PMID: 24477218 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter-related bloodstream infections: the need for routine replacement.
Stuart RL, Grayson ML, Johnson PD.
Med J Aust. 2013 Dec 16;199(11):751.
PMID:24329641 [PubMed – in process]

Think before you insert an intravenous catheter.
Dendle C, Stuart RL, Egerton Warburton D.
Med J Aust. 2013 ;199(10):655. doi: 10.5694/mja13.10733

Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci colonization increases hospital length of stay but not mortality in end stage kidney failure: a case control study.
Garner S. Polkinghorne KR. Kotsanas D. Kerr PG. Korman TM, Stuart RL,
J Hosp Infect. 2013 Dec;85(4):289-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2013.09.005. Epub 2013 Sep 21.
PMID: 24161798 [PubMed – in process]

Peripheral intravenous catheter-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia: more than 5 years of prospective data from two tertiary health services.
Stuart RL, Cameron DRM, Scott C, Kotsanas D, Grayson ML, Korman TM, Gillespie EE, Johnson PDR.
Med J Aust 2013;198(10):551-3.PMID: 23725270 [PubMed – in process]

Microfiber and steam for environmental cleaning during an outbreak.
Abernethy M. Gillespie E. Snook K. Stuart RL.
Am J Infect Control 2013 May 16. doi:pii: S0196-6553(13)00250-2. 10.1016/j.ajic.2013.02.011. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 23685093 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Half of All Peripheral Intravenous Lines in an Australian Tertiary Emergency Department Are Unused: Pain With No Gain?
Limm EI, Fang X, Dendle C, Stuart RL, Egerton Warburton D.
Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Apr 22. doi:pii: S0196-0644(13)00200-X. 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2013.02.022. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 23623052 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Why is it so hard for doctors to speak up when they see an error occurring?
Dendle C, Paul A, Scott C, Gillespie E, Kotsanas D, Stuart RL.
Healthcare Infect 2013;18(2):72–75.

“Down the drain”: carbapenem-resistant bacteria in intensive care unit patients and handwashing sinks.
Kotsanas D, Wijesooriya WR, Korman TM, Gillespie EE, Wright L, Snook K, Williams N, Bell JM, Li HY, Stuart RL.
Med J Aust. 2013 Mar 18;198(5):267-9.
PMID: 23496403 [PubMed – in process]

Environmental cleaning without chemicals in clinical settings.
Gillespie E. Wilson J. Lovegrove A. Abernethy M. Scott C. Kotsanas D. Stuart RL.
Am J Infect Control 2013 May;41(5):461-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.07.003. Epub 2012 Nov 22.
PMID: 23177456 [PubMed – in process]

When a single hair or suture has been through the sterilization process, is it sterile?
Gillespie E, Othman N, Kotsanas D.
Am J Infect Control. 2013 Feb 5. doi:pii: S0196-6553(12)01374-0. 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.10.019. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.
PMID: 23394885 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Disposable biocidal cubical curtains; Can they prevent the transfer of bacterial pathogens?
Kotsanas D. Lovegrove A. Sloane TL. Gillespie E.
Healthcare Infect 2012;17(3):87-90.

Hierarchy and hand hygiene: would medical students speak up to prevent hospital-acquired infection?

Samuel R, Shuen A, Dendle C, Kotsanas D, Scott C, Stuart RL.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012 Aug;33(8):861-3. No abstract available.
PMID: 22759561 [PubMed – in process]

Improving antibiotic stewardship by involving nurses.
Gillespie E, Rodrigues A, Wright L, Williams N, Stuart RL.
Am J Infect Control. 2012 Oct 13. doi:pii: S0196-6553(12)00818-8. 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.04.336. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 23069737 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Hierarchy and hand hygiene: would medical students speak up to prevent hospital-acquired infection?

Samuel R, Shuen A, Dendle C, Kotsanas D, Scott C, Stuart RL.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012 Aug;33(8):861-3. No abstract available.
PMID: 22759561 [PubMed – in process]

Influenza vaccination uptake amongst pregnant women and maternal care providers is suboptimal.
Lu AB, Halim AA, Dendle C, Kotsanas D, Giles ML, Wallace EM, Buttery JP, Stuart RL.
Vaccine. 2012 Jun 8;30(27):4055-9. Epub 2012 Apr 19.
PMID: 22521842 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Can we expect patients to question health care workers’ hand hygiene compliance?
Reid N, Moghaddas J, Loftus M, Stuart RL, Kotsanas D, Scott C, Dendle C.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2012 May;33(5):531-2. No abstract available.
PMID: 22476284 [PubMed – in process]

Antibiotic Use and Misuse in Residential Aged Care Facilities.
Stuart RL, Wilson J, Bellaard-Smith E, Brown R, Wright L, Vandergraaf S, Gillespie EE.
Intern Med J. 2012 Oct;42(10):1145-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2012.02796.x.
PMID: 22472087 [PubMed – in process]

New HIV diagnosis after occupational exposure screening: the importance of reporting needlestick injuries.
Upjohn L. Stuart RL.  Korman TM. Woolley IJ.
Intern Med J. 2012 Feb;42(2):202-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2011.02616.x.
PMID: 22356494 [PubMed – in process]

A real-life snapshot of the use and abuse of urinary catheters on general medical wards.
Harley G, Yeo AL, Stuart RL, Dendle C.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011 Dec;32(12):1216-8. Epub 2011 Oct 26.
PMID: 22080662 [PubMed – in process]

Prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant organisms in residential aged care facilities.
Stuart RL, Kotsanas D, Webb B, Vandergraff S, Gillespie EE, Hogg GG, Korman TM.
Med J Aust. 2011 Nov 7;195(9):530-3.
PMID: 22060088 [PubMed – in process]

Pilot study to measure cleaning effectiveness in health care.
Gillespie EE, Scott C, Wilson J, Stuart R.
Am J Infect Control. 2012 Jun;40(5):477-8. Epub 2011 Sep 21.
PMID: 21937146 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

A bundle of care to reduce colorectal surgical infections: an Australian experience.
Bull A, Wilson J, Worth LJ, Stuart RL, Gillespie E, Waxman B, Shearer W, Richards M.
J Hosp Infect. 2011 Aug;78(4):297-301. Epub 2011 Jun 12.
PMID: 21664720 [PubMed – in process]

ASID (HICSIG)/AICA Position Statement: Preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients.
Mitchell B, Ware C, McGregor A, Brown S, Wells A, Stuart RL, Wilson F, Mason M.
Healthcare Infect 2011;16:45–52.

ASID/AICA position statement – Infection control guidelines for patients with Clostridium difficile infection in healthcare settings.
Stuart RL Marshall C, McLaws M, Boardman C, Russo PL, Harrington G, Ferguson JK.
Healthcare Infect 2011;16(1):33-39.

Contamination of renal patients’ hospital chart covers with vancomycin resistant enterococci: Handle with care.
Zimbudzi A, Stuart RL, Korman TM, Kotsanas D.
AMJ 2011;4(10):538-­‐541

Prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant organisms in residential aged care facilities.
Stuart RL, Kotsanas D, Webb B, Vandergraff S, Gillespie EE, Hogg GG, Korman TM.
Med J Aust. 2011 Nov 7;195(9):530-3.
PMID: 22060088 [PubMed – in process]

Novel use of tryptose sulfite cycloserine egg yolk agar for isolation of Clostridium perfringens during an outbreak of necrotizing enterocolitis in a neonatal unit.
Kotsanas D, Carson J, Awad MM, Lyras D, Rood JI, Jenkin GA, Stuart RL, Korman TM.
J Clin Microbiol. 2010 Nov;48(11):4263-5. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01724-10. Epub 2010 Sep 8.
PMID:20826643 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] Free PMC Article

An outbreak of necrotizing enterocolitis associated with norovirus genotype GII.3.
Stuart RL, Tan K, Mahar JE, Kirkwood CD, Andrew Ramsden C, Andrianopoulos N, Jolley D, Bawden K, Doherty R, Kotsanas D, Bradford J, Buttery JP.
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2010 Jul;29(7):644-7.
PMID:20589982 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

The costs of containing measles within a health care service.

Stuart RL, Bradford J, Leskiewicz P, Wilson J, Gillespie EE.
Healthcare Infect 2010; 15(2) 43–46.

2009 H1N1 influenza A and pregnancy outcomes in Victoria, Australia.
Hewagama S, Walker SP, Stuart RL, Gordon C, Johnson PD, Friedman ND, O’Reilly M, Cheng AC, Giles ML.
Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Mar 1;50(5):686-90.
PMID: 20100064 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Screening following exposure to congenital tuberculosis in a neonatal nursery.
Bradford J, Gillespie EE. Ramsden CR, Doherty RR, Stuart RL.
Healthcare Infect 2010; 115(1) 11–14.

Hand profiling: A novel tool used to demonstrate hand hygiene technique?
Gillespie E. Kotsanas D, Wilson J, Buist M, Stuart RL.
Healthcare Infect 2009; 14(4) 153–157.

Disinfection of Burkholderia cepacia complex from non-touch taps in a neonatal nursery.
Kotsanas D, Brett J, Kidd TJ, Stuart RL, Korman TM.
J Perinat Med. 2008;36(3):235-9.
PMID: 18576933 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Investigation of an outbreak of Serratia marcescens in a neonatal unit via a case-control study and molecular typing.
Friedman ND, Kotsanas D, Brett J, Billah B, Korman TM.
Am J Infect Control. 2008 Feb;36(1):22-8.
PMID: 18241732 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

What’s hanging around your neck? Pathogenic bacteria on identity badges and lanyards.
Kotsanas D, Scott C, Gillespie EE, Korman TM, Stuart RL.
Med J Aust. 2008 Jan 7;188(1):5-8.
PMID: 18205553 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free Article

Personal protective equipment and antiviral drug use during hospitalization for suspected avian or pandemic influenza.
Swaminathan A, Martin R, Gamon S, Aboltins C, Athan E, Braitberg G, Catton MG, Cooley L, Dwyer DE, Edmonds D, Eisen DP, Hosking K, Hughes AJ, Johnson PD, Maclean AV, O’Reilly M, Peters SE, Stuart RL, Moran R, Grayson ML.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Oct;13(10):1541-7.
PMID: 18258004 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free PMC ArticleFree text

Preparing for an influenza pandemic: healthcare workers’ opinions on working during a pandemic
Stuart RL, Gillespie EE.
Healthcare Infect 2008; 13(3): 95–99.

Microbiological monitoring of endoscopes: 5-year review.
Gillespie EE, Kotsanas D, Stuart RL.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Jul;23(7 Pt 1):1069-74. Epub 2007 Dec 13.
PMID: 18086113 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Improving influenza vaccination rates in a large health service
Bellaard-Smith E, Stuart RL, Gillespie EE.
Healthcare Infect 2008 13(1) 15–19.

Hand hygiene during the intensive care unit ward round: how much is enough? An observational study.
Witterick P, Stuart R, Gillespie E, Buist M.
Crit Care Resusc. 2008 Dec;10(4):285-7.
PMID: 19049477 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Constructing clinical indicators for multiresistant organisms. Where do we begin?
Kotsanas D, Stuart RL, Korman TM, Gillespie EE.
Healthcare Infect 2008 13(1) 15–19.

Hospital pandemic preparedness: health care workers’ opinions on working during a pandemic.
Stuart RL, Gillespie EE.
Med J Aust. 2007 Dec 3-17;187(11-12):676. No abstract available.
PMID: 18072917 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free Article

A sustained reduction in the transmission of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in an intensive care unit.
Gillespie EE, ten Berk de Boer FJ, Stuart RL, Buist MD, Wilson JM.
Crit Care Resusc. 2007 Jun;9(2):161-5.
PMID: 17536985 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Editorial: Planning for an Influenza Pandemic

Stuart RL.
Aust J Infect Control 2007; 12(1): 4.

A comparison of three typing methods for Serratia marcescens during an outbreak across four neonatal intensive care units.
Giles M, Tabrizi S, Grabsch E, Friedman ND, Gillespie E, Kotsanas D, Li H, Korman TM, Daley A.
Aust Infect Control. 2007; 12(1) 20 – 24.

Serratia marcescens bacteremia – an indicator for outbreak management and heightened surveillance.
Gillespie EE, Bradford J, Brett J, Kotsanas D.
J Perinat Med. 2007;35(3):227-31.
PMID: 17480151 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

A clonal outbreak of rifampicin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in an intensive care unit.
Friedman ND, Kotsanas D, Wilson J, Ten Berk de Boer F, Korman T.
Aust Infect Control. 2006; 11(2):53-8.

In-use efficacy of a chlorhexidine in alcohol surgical rub: a comparative study.
Grabsch EA, Mitchell DJ, Hooper J, Turnidge JD.
ANZ J Surg. 2004 Sep;74(9):769-72.

Risk factors for new detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in acute-care hospitals that employ strict infection control procedures.
Padiglione AA, Wolfe R, Grabsch EA, Olden D, Pearson S, Franklin C, Spelman D, Mayall B, Johnson PD, Grayson ML.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Aug;47(8):2492-8.
PMID: 12878510 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Bactericidal efficacy of sterilizing protocol for reused cardiac electrophysiology catheters.
Grabsch EA, Grayson ML, Johnson PD, Yates LA, Harper RW, Smolich JJ.
Am J Cardiol. 2002 Mar 15;89(6):770-2. No abstract available.
PMID: 11897224 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

The prevalence of fecal colonization with VRE among residents of long-term-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia.
Padiglione AA, Grabsch E, Wolfe R, Gibson K, Grayson ML.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2001 Sep;22(9):576-8.
PMID: 11732788 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Assessing the risk of tuberculosis infection among healthcare workers: the Melbourne Mantoux Study. Melbourne Mantoux Study Group.
Stuart RL, Bennett NJ, Forbes AB, Grayson ML.
Med J Aust. 2001 Jun 4;174(11):569-73.
PMID: 11453329 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Enterococcal vanB resistance locus in anaerobic bacteria in human faeces.

Stinear TP, Olden DC, Johnson PD, Davies JK, Grayson ML.
Lancet. 2001 Mar 17;357(9259):855-6.
PMID: 11265957 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Fecal colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci in Australia.
Padiglione AA, Grabsch EA, Olden D, Hellard M, Sinclair MI, Fairley CK, Grayson ML.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Sep-Oct;6(5):534-6.
PMID: 11202974 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free PMC ArticleFree text

Health care workers and tuberculosis.
Stuart RL, Grayson ML.
Aust N Z J Med. 2000 Jun;30(3):367-72. No abstract available.
PMID: 10914755 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

A paired comparison of tuberculin skin test results in health care workers using 5 TU and 10 TU tuberculin.

Stuart RL, Bennett N, Forbes A, Grayson ML.
Thorax. 2000 Aug;55(8):693-5.
PMID: 10899248 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free PMC ArticleFree text

Outcome of a screening program for vancomycin-resistant enterococci in a hospital in Victoria.
Grayson ML, Grabsch EA, Johnson PD, Olden D, Aberline M, Li HY, Hogg G, Abbott M, Kerr PG.
Med J Aust. 1999 Aug 2;171(3):133-6.
PMID: 10474604 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free Article

Single- versus multiple-dose antimicrobial prophylaxis for major surgery: a systematic review.

McDonald M, Grabsch E, Marshall C, Forbes A.
Aust N Z J Surg. 1998 Jun;68(6):388-96. Review.
PMID: 9623456 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Random amplified polymorphic DNA and plasmid analyses used in investigation of an outbreak of multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Eisen D, Russell EG, Tymms M, Roper EJ, Grayson ML, Turnidge J.
J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Mar;33(3):713-7.
PMID: 7751382 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]Free PMC ArticleFree text

MRSA–is control worthwhile and feasible?
Turnidge J.
Med J Aust. 1990 Mar 5;152(5):225-6. No abstract available.
PMID: 2255279 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]